In 1941, he was born as a child of a Barbary family farming in a village in the south-west of Tunisia. At the age of 18, he was sent to al-Zaytun for religious education. Then he continued his education in Egypt and Syria. Gannuşi, who returned to his country in the 1970s, has launched the Nakhda Movement. At the heart of Ghannouchi’s political thought, which defines itself as a ‘Muslim democrat’, there is the security of the people in the face of state authority. After being exiled to London in 1980, Gannuşi returned to Tunisia in 2011, following the Jasmine Revolution, which was launched against Tunisia’s 23-year-old President Zeynel Abidin bin Ali, and started active politics and was elected to the presidency of the Nahda Movement. In Tunisia, Zeynel Abidin Gannuşi, a candidate in the presidential elections after a revolution that resulted in Ben Ali’s escape of the country, withdrew from the race for the “peace settlement” in the country.
And he left the presidency to “El Baci Kaid el Sebsi”, who collects and represents the secular bloc in Tunisia. Today, the most important Islamic movement in Tunisia is the Nakhda (Resurrection) Movement which emerged at the beginning as the “Islamic orientation Movement”. The Islamic Orientation Movement was founded in 1969 under the leadership of Abdulfettah Moro and Rashid al-Gannuşi. The Tunisian administration did not enter into a conflict with the Islamic orientation Movement during its first establishment. However, when it was seen that the idea was getting stronger, resorted to violent pressure against this movement. In 1981, 106 of the prominent members of the Islamic Orientation Movement on the application of the Ministry of Interior to obtain the right to legal organization were arrested. Leaders of Islamic orientation also changed the name of their movement to Nakhda (Resurrection) in order to work in harmony and reconciliation with the administration.
But not long ago, the administration resorted to violence against Nahda. Most of the Prominents of the movement, especially the leader Rashid al-Gannuşi, have been forced to leave their homeland. Rashid al-Gannuşi, leader of the Tunisian Nahda Movement, emphasized secularism and freedom at the inauguration of his party’s first congress since 2012:
“We want to keep religion away from political struggles. We are at the call of neutrality. A modern state works with viable programs, not ideologies, big slogans and political fights. Just as the state does not mean rejection of power, oppression and freedoms; Freedom does not mean chaos. ” Speaking to the French Le Monde newspaper before the Congress, Gannuşi stated that there is no room for political Islam in Tunisia after the Arab Spring: “Tunisia is now a democracy. The 2014 Constitution set limits on secular and religious extremism. We leave political Islam and go to democratic Islam. We stop saying that we represent political Islam and we are Muslim democrats! ”